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Species Description

American Robin

Turdus migratorius


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Classification

Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Turdidae

Description

Well-known for its brick-red breast. Brown above with a dark head and a noticeable white eye-ring. The throat is mottled, and the belly is white. Females and young birds have a somewhat lighter grayish-brown breast and head, and young birds have a speckled, but still slightly reddish breast. These are large, stocky thrushes, 25 cm (10 in) from tip of bill to tip of tail. Often seen walking, with an erect stance, across lawns in cities or towns. In winter, flocks may be seen in berry-bearing trees and bushes.

Life Cycle

The breeding season lasts from April through August. Cup-shaped nests are built 2-7 m (6-20 ft) above ground in many types of trees and shrubs. A Robin's nest, usually constructed of woven grass, is distinguished by generous mud reinforcement. The female lays 4 - 5 light blue eggs, which she incubates for 13 days. Nestlings are altricial. Both the male and female feed the young birds, which fledge from the nest after 15 days.

Natural History

The American Robin inhabits a wide variety of natural and human-modified areas, including forest edges, parks, and suburban towns. The Robin has a conspicuous style of foraging. It walks quickly along the ground, pausing frequently to scan the ground for prey, sometimes with its head angled to one side. Robins pull earthworms, insects, and insect larvae from the ground and glean berries from bushes.

Range

American Robin Region Map The American Robin is common throughout Georgia year-round where suitable habitat is present, except in the southernmost part of the state where Robins occur only during winter. The species ranges from Alaska and Canada to southern Mexico.

Conservation Status

The American Robin is common in appropriate habitat.

Similar Species

No similar species regularly occurs in Georgia.