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Species Description

Pine Woods Treefrog

Hyla femoralis

Species Image


Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae


Well camouflaged with coloration which can vary from gray to greenish, but most commonly is reddish-brown with some darker splotching. The primary distinguishing characteristic is a row of light gold to white spots on the dark rear surface of the inner thigh on the hind leg. These spots are visible only when the leg is extended. There is no light spot below the eye. This is a small frog, 2.5 - 3.8 cm (1 - 1.5 in) in length.

Life Cycle

Breeding begins in March and may extend through early October. Fertilization is external. Females lay clusters of up to 100 eggs in shallow water. Hatching to transformation takes two months. The Pine Woods Treefrog is nocturnal and eats small insects. It generally spends most of its time high in the trees and often rests during the day under the bark of pine snag near bays and swamps. The frog's reddish-brown coloration is excellent for blending into pine bark, making it a very difficult treefrog to spot. Although it is most commonly found in trees, it may be found on the ground. It is the most terrestrial treefrog in Georgia and may occasionally be found quite a distance from water.


Pine Woods Treefrog Region Map This treefrog is most common in the pine woods of Georgia's Coastal Plain.

Conservation Status

This is a common frog and is under no threat. For continued success, it requires the preservation of pine woods, wetlands, and buffer zones around wetlands.

Similar Species

No other treefrog with dark coloration has spotting on the inner thigh.