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Species Description

Southern Toad

Bufo terrestris


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Classification

Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae

Description

Its skin is usually gray or brown, but may be blackish to reddish. The Southern Toad is 5 - 11 cm (2 - 4.5 in) in length.

Life Cycle

The Southern Toad breeds from March to May. Eggs are laid in shallow water, and fertilization is external. Females can lay up to 3,000 eggs. Development from egg to tiny toad takes one to two months. This toad is an insectivore. It burrows in sandy soils during the day and hunts at night. It is found in both backyards and oak forests. On the coast, this is the toad most likely to be found catching insects beneath street lights.

Range

Southern Toad Region Map This toad is found throughout the Coastal Plain.

Conservation Status

The Southern Toad is common and is under no immediate threat. It does need sandy soils for burrowing.

Similar Species

Both Fowler's Toad and the American Toad are found in the northern part of the Southern Toad's range. The size and number of "warts" within the blotches on the toad's back and the size and shape of the cranial crests help identify the toad. Neither the American Toad nor Fowler's Toad has a knobby cranial crest.