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Order Description


Order Description

This order is comprised of six families, around 67 genera, and over 400 species. In Georgia, there is one family and eight species.

Woodpeckers and their allies all have zygodactyl feet. They have a unique arrangement of tendons in the toes and distinctive leg muscles which help them forage in trees. All members of this order are cavity dwellers. The young are naked and blind at birth, or altricial. While known as insect feeders, some of the members of this order eat fruit or beeswax.

Family Picidae

The bill of woodpeckers is long and chisel-like. They generally have a stiff pointed tail and short legs. Many woodpeckers have bold black-and-white markings, sometimes with additional red markings.
Species in this family:
    Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)
    Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)
    Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis)
    Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
    Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)
    Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)
    Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis)
    Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
    Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)