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Order Description


Order Description

The Order Apodiformes consists of 10 families, 128 genera and over 400 species. In Georgia, there are two families and three species.

Family Apodidae

This very aerial bird conducts most of its activities in mid-air. Swifts have a short bill with a wide gape. They have a short tongue and large salivary glands. They are generally dull-colored with no difference between with sexes.
Species in this family:
    Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)

Family Trochilidae

Hummingbirds have a long, slender bill with a long extensible tongue adapted for nectar feeding. They frequently have bright, iridescent plumage. Hummingbirds beat their wings 15-78 times per second depending on the species. The flight muscles comprise 25-30% of the body weight. The average in other birds is around 15%.
Species in this family:
    Allen's Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin)
    Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna)
    Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)
    Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cyanthus latirostris)
    Broad-tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus)
    Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula calliope)
    Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)
    Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
    Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)