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Order Description


Order Description

The Order Anseriformes contains two families, 48 genera and 160 plus species. In Georgia, one family and around 40 species of birds are found.

These birds (mostly ducks, geese, swans) generally have broad bills, long necks, and webbed feet with a slightly elevated hind toe. Most feed on the water (dabbling or diving) although geese and swans will also graze on land. The diet is varied, ranging from fish to vegetation. Swans and geese generally pair for life and have similar plumage. Most ducks do not pair for life and the sexes have very different plumage during breeding season. Generally anywhere from four to fourteen eggs may be laid which hatch precocial young. It should be noted that some waterfowl have been domesticated over 4000 years.

Family Anatidae

Species in this family:
    American Black Duck (Anas rubripes)
    American Wigeon (Anas americana)
    Black Scoter (Melanitta nigra)
    Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
    Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)
    Brant (Branta bernicla)
    Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
    Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)
    Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)
    Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera)
    Common Eider (Somateria mollisima)
    Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)
    Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)
    Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope)
    Fulvous Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)
    Gadwall (Anas strepera)
    Greater Scaup (Aythya marila)
    Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)
    Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)
    Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
    Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)
    King Eider (Somateria spectabilis)
    Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)
    Long-tailed Duck (Oldsquaw) (Clangula hyemalis)
    Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
    Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominicus)
    Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula)
    Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
    Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)
    Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)
    Redhead (Aythya americana)
    Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)
    Ross's Goose (Chen rossii)
    Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)
    Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens)
    Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)
    Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus)
    White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca)
    Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)